192.168.1.1-路由器设置 | 192.168.0.1-无线路由器设置

HSRP(热备份路由选择协议)与VRRP(虚拟路由器冗余协议)的配置

发布时间:2014-02-23 10:02

一,实验要求:
1,PC1属于vlan 10,vlan 10的成员从SW1端口的f1/10过,且M1上的某个接口断开,则从SW1端口的f1/11(HSRP)。
2,PC2属于vlan 20,vlan 20的成员从SW1端口的f1/11过,且M2上的某个接口断开,则从SW1端口的f1/10(VRRP)。
3,在R1上做浮动路由,任意端口断开,则从另一端口走。
二,实验目的(掌握):
1,三层交换技术。
2,HSRP与VRRP技术。
3,vlan技术。
三,实验拓扑:

SW1配置:
SW1#conf t
SW1(config)#no ip routing
SW1(config)#vlan 10
SW1(config-vlan)#vlan 20
SW1(config-vlan)#int f1/1
SW1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 10
SW1(config-if)#no shut
SW1(config-if)#int f1/2
SW1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 20
SW1(config-if)#no shut
SW1(config)#int range f1/10 -11
SW1(config-if-range)#no shut
SW1(config-if-range)#do show run
interface FastEthernet1/1
switchport access vlan 10
!
interface FastEthernet1/2
switchport access vlan 20


!
!
interface FastEthernet1/10
switchport mode trunk
!
interface FastEthernet1/11
switchport mode trunk
M1配置:
M1#conf t
M1(config)#vlan 10
M1(config-vlan)#vlan 20
M1(config)#int f1/10
M1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
M1(config-if)#no shut
M1(config-if)#ex
M1(config)#int vlan 10
M1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.0
M1(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.10.1 //虚拟ip地址    HSRP
M1(config-if)#standby 1 priority 150 //优先级为150       的
M1(config-if)#standby 1 preempt  //占先权            活跃
M1(config-if)#standby 1 track f1/10 10 //端口跟踪        路由器
M1(config-if)#standby 1 track f0/0 10
M1(config-if)#no shut
M1(config)#int f0/0
M1(config-if)#ip add 202.106.1.1 255.255.255.252
M1(config-if)#no shut


M1(config-if)#ex
M1(config)#int loopback 0
M1(config-if)#ip add 8.8.8.8 255.255.255.255
M1(config-if)#no shut
M1(config-if)#ex
M1(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 202.106.1.2
M1(config)#do show standby b //查看HSRP的消息
Interface Grp  Pri P State   Active          Standby         Virtual IP
Vl10      1    150 P Active  local           192.168.10.20   192.168.10.1
wKioL1MI2ZDRVOU7AAChMoSlSr0855.jpg
M1(config)#int vlan 10
M1(config-if)#standby 1 priority 135 //改优先权
M1(config-if)#do show standby b(结论)
P indicates configured to preempt.
                  |
Interface Grp  Pri P State   Active          Standby         Virtual IP
Vl10      1    135 P Standby 192.168.10.20   local           192.168.10.1
wKiom1MI2hiSx7b_AACBwzPivAk005.jpg
M1(config)#int vlan 20
M1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.20.20 255.255.255.0
M1(config-if)#vrrp 2 ip 192.168.20.1 //虚拟ip   VRRP
M1(config-if)#vrrp 2 preempt //占先权         备份
M1(config-if)#vrrp 2 priority 115//优先级       路由
M1(config-if)#no shut
M1(config)#do show vrrp b
Interface          Grp Pri Time  Own Pre State   Master addr     Group addr
Vl20               2   115 3550       Y  Init    0.0.0.0         192.168.20.1
M1#show run
track 3 interface FastEthernet1/10 line-protocol
track 4 interface FastEthernet0/0 line-protocol
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 202.106.1.1 255.255.255.252
interface FastEthernet1/10
switchport mode trunk
!
interface Vlan10
ip address 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.0
standby 1 ip 192.168.10.1
standby 1 priority 130
standby 1 preempt
standby 1 track FastEthernet1/10
standby 1 track FastEthernet0/0
!
interface Vlan20
ip address 192.168.20.20 255.255.255.0
vrrp 2 ip 192.168.20.1
vrrp 2 priority 115
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 202.106.1.2
!
M2配置:
M2#conf t
M2(config)#vlan 10
M2(config-vlan)#vlan 20
M2(config-vlan)#ex
M2(config)#int f1/11
M2(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
M2(config-if)#no shut
M2(config-if)#ex
M2(config)#int vlan 10                               HSRP


M2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.20 255.255.255.0           的
M2(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.10.1                  备份
M2(config-if)#standby 1 priority 140                     路由
M2(config-if)#standby 1 preempt
M2(config-if)#no shut
M2(config-if)#ex
M2(config)#int f0/0
M2(config-if)#ip add 202.106.2.1 255.255.255.252
M2(config-if)#no shut
M2(config-if)#ex
M2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 202.106.2.2
M2(config)#do show standby b
   P indicates configured to preempt.
                  |
Interface Grp  Pri P State   Active          Standby         Virtual IP
Vl10      1    140 P Standby 192.168.10.10   local           192.168.10.1
M2(config)#track 1 int f1/11 line-protocol //跟踪端口1       VRRP
M2(config-track)#track 2 int f0/0 line-protocol//跟踪端口2      的
M2(config)#int vlan 20
M2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.20.10 255.255.255.0
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 ip 192.168.20.1 //                       主
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 priority 120                          路由
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 preempt                             配置
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 track 1//跟踪端口1
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 track 2//跟踪端口2
M2(config-if)#no shut
M2(config-if)#do show vrrp b //查看VRRP消息
Interface          Grp Pri Time  Own Pre State   Master addr     Group addr
Vl20               2   120 3531       Y  Master  192.168.20.10   192.168.20.1
wKioL1MI2jqCy3QYAACbC2XWHJY287.jpg
M2(config)#int vlan 20
M2(config-if)#vrrp 2 priority 100(改优先权)
M2(config-if)#do show vrrp b(结论)
Interface          Grp Pri Time  Own Pre State   Master addr     Group addr
Vl20               2   100 3453       Y  Backup  192.168.20.20   192.168.20.1
wKiom1MI2pPihdE3AACFs-HcRXw117.jpg
M2(config-if)#do show run
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 202.106.2.1 255.255.255.252
!
interface FastEthernet1/11
switchport mode trunk
!
interface Vlan10
ip address 192.168.10.20 255.255.255.0
standby 1 ip 192.168.10.1
standby 1 priority 140
standby 1 preempt
!
interface Vlan20
ip address 192.168.20.10 255.255.255.0
vrrp 2 ip 192.168.20.1
vrrp 2 priority 120
vrrp 2 track 1
vrrp 2 track 2
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 202.106.2.2
!
R1配置:
R1#conf t
R1(config)#int f0/0
R1(config-if)#ip add 202.106.1.2 255.255.255.252
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#int f0/1
R1(config-if)#ip add 202.106.2.2 255.255.255.252
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#ex
R1(config)#int loopback 0
R1(config-if)#ip add 8.8.8.8 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#no shut


R1(config-if)#ex
R1(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.1.1    浮动路由
R1(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.2.1 10    浮动路由
R1(config)#ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.2.1    浮动路由
R1(config)#ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.1.1 10    浮动路由
R1#show run
interface Loopback0
ip address 8.8.8.8 255.255.255.0
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 202.106.1.2 255.255.255.252
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
ip address 202.106.2.2 255.255.255.252
!
ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.1.1
ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.2.1 10
ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.2.1
ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 202.106.1.1 10
!

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